Cardiology is the study and treatment of conditions of the heart and the blood vessels. A person with heart disease or cardiovascular disease might be referred to a cardiologist. A cardiologist could carry out tests for a heart murmur or an abnormal heart rhythm. They usually treat patients who have had a heart attack, heart failure, or other heart complications. They help in making decisions about heart surgery, heart catheterization, and angioplasty and stenting. Symptoms which could indicate a heart problem includes:

Chest pain

Shortness of breath


Fatigue and Exertion

Changes in heart rate or rhythm

High blood pressure

Interventional cardiology treats cardiovascular disease using multiple non-surgical techniques. Most of the procedures are performed in the cardiovascular (veins, heart and arteries) system. They do not need any large incisions or instruments entering your body so they are minimally invasive. The incisions made in this technique are around one inch. The cardiologist inserts or puts a catheter in your upper leg into the femoral artery. He guides the catheter towards your vascular and heart region using real-time x-rays.

Adult Congenital heart disease is one or more complications with the heart's structure which exist since birth.People who were previously diagnosed with Congenital heart disease as kids (are now 18+ years of age) are more than welcome to book an appointment with Dr Yaqub.
Common congenital heart disease symptoms in adults involves:

Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias)

A bluish tint to the skin, lips and fingernails (cyanosis)

Shortness of breath

Fatigue quickly upon exertion

Inflammation of body tissue or organs (edema)

Cardiac devices help the patients in treating heart rhythms or arrhythmias. These devices help the heart's electrical system, and if patients need the pacing, it paces the heart. These devices include a pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).

Cardiac rehabilitation, otherwise known as cardiac rehab, is a custom-tailored outpatient program of exercise and education. Cardiac rehabilitation is developed to assist you improve your health and help you recover from a heart attack, other types of heart disease or surgery to treat heart disease.

Cardiac rehabilitation generally involves exercise training, psychological support and education about lifestyle changes to lower your heart disease risk, like eating a heart-healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight and quitting smoking.

The goals of cardiac rehabilitation involve establishing an individualized plan to help you regain strength, stopping your condition from getting worse, lowering your risk of future heart complications, and improving your health and quality of life.

A stress test, otherwise known as exercise stress test, shows how your heart works during physical activity. Because exercise makes your heart pump harder and faster, an exercise stress test could reveal complications with blood flow within your heart.

A stress test generally includes walking on a treadmill or riding a stationary bike your heart rhythm, blood pressure and breathing are observed. Or you will receive a drug which mimics the effects of exercise.

Your primary care physician might suggest a stress test if you have signs or symptoms of coronary artery disease or an irregular heart rhythm or arrhythmia. The test might also guide treatment decisions, measure the usefulness of treatment or determine the seriousness if you have already been diagnosed with a heart condition.

Cardiovascular disease could refer to a number of conditions:

Heart Disease

Heart Attack


Heart Failure


Heart Valve Problems

Here are some common treatments for different forms of cardiovascular disease:

Heart Valve Problems

Medications Heart valve surgery


Medications Pacemaker

Heart Attack

Medications — clot busters should be administered as soon as possible for specific forms of heart attacks Coronary angioplasty Coronary artery bypass graft surgery


Medications – clot busters must be administered within 3 hours from onset of stroke symptoms for specific forms of strokes Carotid endarterectomy

Coronary angioplasty, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention, is a technique used to open blocked heart arteries. Angioplasty uses a tiny balloon catheter which is inserted in a blocked blood vessel to help widen it and improve the blood flow to your heart.

Angioplasty is not for everyone. Depending upon the extent of your heart disease and your overall health, your Cardiologist might determine that coronary artery bypass surgery is a better alternative than angioplasty for you.

An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is a small battery-powered device implanted in your chest to observe your heart rhythm and detect irregular heartbeats. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) could deliver electric shocks via one or more wires connected to your heart to fix an irregular heart rhythm.

You might require an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) if you have a dangerously fast heartbeat or ventricular tachycardia or a chaotic heartbeat which keeps your heart from supplying enough blood to the rest of your body or ventricular fibrillation. Ventricles are the lower chambers or compartments of your heart.

You are a candidate for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) if you have had sustained ventricular tachycardia, survived a cardiac arrest or fainted from a ventricular arrhythmia. You might also benefit from an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) if you have these medical conditions but are not limited too :

A history of coronary artery disease and heart attack which has weakened your heart.

A heart condition which involves abnormal heart muscle, like enlarged or thickened heart muscle.

An inherited heart defect which makes your heart beat irregularly. These include long QT syndrome, which could cause ventricular fibrillation and death even in young people with no signs or symptoms of heart problems.

Other rare conditions which might affect your heart rhythm.

Although these are the most common causes, please reach out to your Primary Care Physician (PCP) for evaluation.

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have become standard treatment for anyone who has survived cardiac arrest, and they are increasingly used in people at high risk of unexpected cardiac arrest. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lowers your risk of unexpected death from cardiac arrest more than medication alone.

However, the electrical shocks could be unsettling, they are a sign that the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is effectively treating your heart rhythm problem and protecting you from unexpected death. Talk to your primary care physician about how to best care for your implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).